ERIC Number: ED429818
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jan-27
Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance.
Porter, Rhonda C.
Since the 1960s, gender differences in mathematics performance have been a major topic in educational and mathematical research. This study entails a gender comparative analysis of students' mathematics performance as determined by the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and by the Tests of Achievement and Proficiency. In a public school system in rural Southwest Georgia, 1,172 students enrolled in Grades 1 through 10 took these tests. An analysis of variance found a significant difference in the total mathematics achievement scores between genders [F(1, 1171)=13.222, p<.001] in favor of the female students. Additional analyses of variance revealed statistically significant differences in mathematics performance favoring females over males in the first grade [F(1, 115)=8.785, p<.005] and in the 4th grade [F(1, 99)=11.821, p<0.002]. In all grades, except the second grade, the females' scores were higher than the males'. Explanations for this outcome are attributed to social issues including ethnic background, socio-economic status, and teacher-student relationships. Ethnic background and socio-economic status account for gender differences in achievement favoring females, and expectations and visible role models presented by the teachers could also affect performance in the students favoring females. When accounting for the social situations of this population, the findings are commensurate with previous studies done on this type of population. Contains 14 references. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Holmes Partnership (Boston, MA, January 27-31, 1999).