ERIC Number: ED429786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Educational Services for Students with Visual Impairment in Rural Communities: Myths and Realities.
Jager, Brenda K.
This paper provides background information on the nature of rural communities and examines factors that influence educational services for students with visual impairments in these communities. Characteristics that are most often mentioned in defining rural areas are lack of public transportation, distance from a metropolitan area, size of nearest city, density of population, and environmental features such as lack of sidewalks. Rural communities demonstrate vast differences in topography and population density, ranging from isolated Alaskan bush villages to clusters of small towns in New England. Factors that influence educational services to visually impaired rural students include: (1) difficulties in recruitment and retention of teachers; (2) isolation of teachers and related stress; (3) lack of environments appropriate to teaching mobility concepts; (4) school district efforts to meet student needs; and (5) isolation of the student with visual impairment. Rural areas may lack preservice and inservice opportunities for teachers; salaries may be low; and teachers may not be prepared for a rural environment. Technological advances such as e-mail and cellular telephone service may aid in reducing teacher isolation. Various practices are described by which rural school districts try to meet the needs of their few visually impaired students. Contains 25 references. (CDS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Rural Special Education for the New Millennium. Conference Proceedings of the American Council on Rural Special Education (ACRES) (19th, Albuquerque, New Mexico, March 25-27, 1999); see RC 021 888.