ERIC Number: ED429757
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Ethnic and Culture Diversity in Rural Deaf Education Programs in New Mexico.
Chinn, Kathleen M.
The state of New Mexico has a generalist special education licensure that allows anyone with a special education degree to teach any child in special education regardless of disability. Although this works well to supply the demand for special education teachers in rural areas, it may not meet the unique needs of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. This paper examines the characteristics of deaf and hard of hearing children and their teachers in rural New Mexico schools. A survey was sent to the special education directors of 50 public schools identified as enrolling deaf and hard of hearing children. Results indicate that only about 31% of the teachers serving deaf and hard of hearing children had degrees in special education, and only 6 percent had specific degrees in deaf education. About 40 percent of students served, but only 7 percent of their teachers, were Hispanic. Most children communicated via speech mode. Most students were mainstreamed, and of these, two-thirds (all deaf) used interpreters in the inclusive setting, suggesting that sign language was being used where needed. About half of children used some form of amplification. The findings suggest that deaf and hard of hearing children in New Mexico may not be receiving adequate services with regard to their deafness or to their cultural background. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Mexico