ERIC Number: ED429723
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
By the Sweat & Toil of Children. Volume V: Efforts To Eliminate Child Labor.
Jaffe, Maureen; Eugenio, Marcia M.; Hillmeyer, Jack; Hurlburt, Teresa; Ledan, Marie E.; Singh, Simrin; Willcutts, Keven; Woodson, Antonio
This report reviews the child labor situation in 16 countries where child labor has been identified as a problem, and the level and types of action being undertaken to reduce child exploitation. The information is based on material gathered during field visits to Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, and Turkey; testimony submitted to the Department of Labor; and other reports. The report notes that at least 250 million of 5- to 14-year-olds are working in developing countries, tens of millions under exploitative and harmful conditions. The report also identifies child labor laws for each country, notes that legislation often excludes sectors in which most children work, maintains that inadequate enforcement of child labor laws remains widespread, and asserts that child labor laws should be made comprehensive in scope and coverage and that enforcement should be improved. Further, the report describes governmental education initiatives aimed at increasing primary school enrollment, retention, and completion rates by overcoming impediments to educational attainment. Finally, the report presents examples of targeted efforts implemented or advanced by governments to address the exploitation of working children. The report concludes that the information can serve as a framework for further study and evaluation of the progress toward eliminating child labor in the countries studied. Six appendices include information on methodology, sources, and relevant child labor provisions. (KB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Child Labor, Child Welfare, Children, Compulsory Education, Developing Nations, Educational Attainment, Enrollment, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Foreign Countries, Program Descriptions, Public Policy
International Child Labor Program, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor, Room S-5303, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20210; Tel: 202-208-4843; Fax: 202-219-4923; e-mail: Globalkids@dol.gov; Web site: http://www.dol.gov/dol/ilab/public/programs/iclp/
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of International Labor Affairs (DOL), Washington, DC.