ERIC Number: ED429702
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Gender Role Differences in Students of Single-Parent and Intact Families.
Slavkin, Michael Lawrence
This study compared the perceptions of personal and ideal gender roles, and the fit between an individual's personal and ideal gender roles. Participating were 108 female and 61 male students (ages ranged from 17 to 56) enrolled in undergraduate psychology classes at a Midwestern university and at a community college. For comparison purposes, participants from single-parent and intact families were paired on gender, age, race, and socioeconomic status, resulting in 32 female and 13 male pairs. There were 30 Caucasian, 12 African-American, and 3 Asian-American pairs. Participants completed two forms of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, describing their own and ideal gender roles. Findings indicated that males in mother-headed single-parent families were more likely to report a masculine personal gender role than males in intact families. Females in two-parent families were more likely to describe themselves as androgynous than females in mother-headed single-parent families. Individuals reared in mother-headed single-parent families did not hold more androgynous ideal gender role beliefs than individuals from intact families. Males were more likely to describe themselves in terms of traditionally masculine characteristics than to describe the ideal person this way. Females in mother-headed single-parent families were more likely to describe the ideal person as androgynous than to describe themselves this way. Six of the 8 subjects raised in father-headed single-parent families described the ideal person as androgynous. Most of the females in this group described themselves using traditional feminine characteristics. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Albuquerque, NM, April 15-18, 1999).