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ERIC Number: ED429475
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rank and Degree in Czech Universities.
Mauch, James
This paper examines the history of academic degrees and rank in the Czech Republic since World War II. Before the communist period, degrees and rank in Czechoslovakia were influenced by the German and Austrian systems, with the PhDr. degree in the humanities and philosophy and the RNDr. (rerum naturalium doctor) degree in the sciences and mathematices awarded upon completion and defense of a dissertation. Habilitation, the achievement of a permanent post at the university, was obtained by completion of a "great dissertation," and was similar to the tenure process in American universities. After 1950 the Soviet system of higher education was introduced, with the creation of independent academies and the Candidate of Science (CSc.) and Doctor of Science (DrSc.) degrees. After 1964 the Soviet-style system was modified somewhat, becoming a hybrid of traditional Czechoslovak and Soviet systems. The end of communism and the 1990 law on higher education led to a return to the former Czechoslovak system of PhDr. and RNDr. degrees and habilitation, with the process now more similar to the attainment of the American PhD. degree. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia