ERIC Number: ED429355
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The "Prospects" Study of Educational Growth and Opportunity: Implications for Policy and Practice.
Puma, Michael J.
This paper examines results from the Prospects study--a research agenda that explored the federal Title I program's impact on the academic and socio-emotional development of disadvantaged children. The document focuses on the program's strengths and limitations, offering a brief review of educational research and highlighting what may or may not work to alter the largely disappointing results found in Prospects. The paper outlines the history of the Title I program and discusses how a lack of resources and instructional requirements and other problems hindered the program's effectiveness. The paper looks at early evidence on the impact of Title I and then turns to the Prospects study, which was to be a national longitudinal assessment of Title I. The Prospects study found that Title I assistance was usually insufficient to close the gap in academic achievement between advantaged and disadvantaged students. The paper examines what makes a program effective, concentrating on instructional practice, class size, tracking, tutoring, and other strategies. The paper details the argument for improving entire schools, rather than a subset of the school, and concludes that Title I cannot by itself compensate for the substantial educational deprivations associated with child poverty. (Contains approximately 220 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I