ERIC Number: ED429220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Managing Work and Family. Nonstandard Work Arrangements among Managers and Professionals.
Spalter-Roth, Roberta M.; Kalleberg, Arne L.; Rasell, Edith; Cassirer, Naomi; Reskin, Barbara F.; Hudson, Ken; Webster, David; Appelbaum, Eileen; Dooley, Betty L.
With more mothers in the work force and greater stresses created by competing demands of work and home, nonstandard work arrangements (NSWAs), which include temporary help agency work, on-call work, day labor, contract work, independent contracting, self-employment, and part-time work, have been suggested as a remedy for this conflict. For the average worker, the cost of employment in a nonstandard arrangement is often quite high in terms of reduced hourly wages and benefits and limited job security; however, little is known about managers and professionals in nonstandard arrangements. A study compared the experiences of managers and professionals in nonstandard arrangements to those with similar characteristics in regular full-time jobs, as well as to other white-collar workers in nonstandard arrangements. Data were gathered from the February 1995 Current Population Survey. The study found that managers and professionals in many types of nonstandard work, especially if they are women, are paid less than their counterparts employed in regular full-time jobs with similar education and personal characteristics. However, some nonstandard workers, usually men, are paid more, especially those in certain independent contractor, self-employment, and contract work arrangement. The study concluded that nonstandard work arrangements, although helpful for expanding the options of some workers, rarely offer effective strategies for most of those hoping to resolve the competing demands of work and family (particularly minority workers). (Contains 58 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adults, Employed Women, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Family Work Relationship, Females, Fringe Benefits, Males, Managerial Occupations, Part Time Employment, Professional Occupations, Self Employment, Temporary Employment, Wages
Economic Policy Institute, 1660 L Street NW, Suite 1200, Washington, DC 20036 ($12).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Economic Policy Inst., Washington, DC.; Women's Research & Education Inst., Washington, DC.