ERIC Number: ED429205
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Returning Women. Their Training and Employment Choices and Needs.
Women returners now account for over one-third of the total labor force, but the British labor market remains strongly segregated by gender, with over 85 percent of all employed women in the service industries. A high proportion are employed part time. Despite a majority of women now returning to the labor market after breaks for childbirth and caring responsibilities, the reentry process is not always straightforward and many experience a range of barriers and problems: lack of child care; lack of information, advice, and practical help; loss of contact with the labor market; downward mobility; lack of recognition of existing experience and skills; limited training opportunities; and lack of support during the reentry process. Reasons many women return to work without preparatory training include the following: insufficient information and guidance on opportunities; insufficient training programs; domestic constraints; financial constraints; psychological barriers; and disincentives caused by women's position in the labor market. Types of education and training programs for women returning to education and training are as follows: updating; reorientation; positive action programs offering nontraditional training; informal, community-based learning activities; and preparatory programs. Providers include Training and Enterprise Councils and women's projects and centers. Returners have some shared needs: information and advice, broad and appropriate training programs, and practical support. (Contains 44 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Labor Market, Part Time Employment, Reentry Workers
National Institute of Adult Continuing Education, 21 De Montfort Street, Leicester, England LE11 7GE, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Oxfordshire County Council, Oxford (England).; Heart of England Training and Enterprise Council, Abingdon.
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Adult Continuing Education, Leicester (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)