ERIC Number: ED429147
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Exclusion from School: The Public Cost. Revised.
Parsons, Carl; Castle, Frances; Howlett, Keith; Worrall, John
The true expense, in cash terms, of exclusion from school in England is investigated. Data were gathered in six English local education authorities (LEAs): two in London, two metropolitan authorities, and two country authorities. Permanent exclusion is a matter of concern to the Commission for Racial Equality because some ethnic minorities are affected disproportionately. The total cost of all excluded students was calculated for each of 3 LEAs and the costs of 10 individual cases in each of 3 matching LEAs were calculated using interviews with 27 parents and 12 students. African Caribbean students are excluded between three and six times more often than their White peers. The analyses indicate that there are many policies and practices for dealing with permanent exclusion. They also show the high costs of exclusion, the quality of education and care received by excluded students, and the impact of exclusion on the children and their families. In the first year of exclusion, it is likely that students receive no more than 10% of the education they would otherwise have received. The costs to society after the first year of exclusion are higher, especially the costs of providing replacement income. The largest proportion of costs other than for education is borne by the police and the criminal justice system. Costs are calculated for students kept in their schools although excluded from regular classes, and for those excluded from schooling altogether. Four appendixes contain the research instruments, LEA statistics, costs of "exclusion" cases maintained in the public schools, and costing principles in the public services. (Contains 8 tables, 10 figures, and 14 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Costs, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Expulsion, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Minority Groups, Out of School Youth, Parents, Racial Discrimination, Suburban Schools, Suspension, Urban Schools
Commission for Racial Equality, Elliot House, 10/12 Allington Street, London, England, United Kingdom SW1E 5EH.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission for Racial Equality, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)