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ERIC Number: ED429100
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Psychosocial Development and Self-Actualization across Age Groups: Middle-Aged and Senior Adults Compared Developmentally.
Parkin, Kay; Gaa, John; Swank, Paul; Liberman, Dov
The research question examined was whether significant differences in psychosocial development and self-actualization exist between adult cohort groups whose childhood development occurred under very different social, economic, and technological circumstances. Subjects were 113 white middle-aged and elderly adults from similar socioeconomic settings. Subjects completed the Measures of Psychosocial Development (MPD) (G. Hawley, 1988) and the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) (E. Shostrom, 1966), a measure of self-actualization. The only generational difference found for the MPD results was for industry versus inferiority, and this was confounded by education. The lack of generational differences may support E. Erikson's theory that stage crisis resolution is universal, and that despite the different conditions before and after World War II, both groups adapted and resolved their stage crises in the range of the normed population. POI findings suggest that the middle-aged group was more inner-directed, or self-actualized than the other group. This finding also was confounded by education. The role of education in psychosocial development and self-actualization and certain gender differences found in MPD and POI scores are areas calling for additional study. (Contains 27 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A