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ERIC Number: ED428912
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr-26
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Size as an Issue of Adequacy and Equity in Rural Places: Preliminary Results from the Matthew Project.
Howley, Craig
Previous research in California, Alaska, and West Virginia has suggested that school or school district size may influence student achievement indirectly by mediating the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on achievement. The Matthew Project is replicating the key analyses of the West Virginia study in four strategically chosen states: Georgia, Ohio, Montana, and Texas. This paper summarizes preliminary results related to school district size in Ohio and Montana. Variables included grade-level measures of achievement from statewide data sets for 1996-97; various proxies for SES (Aid to Dependent Children in Ohio and free and reduced-price meal rate in Montana); and school district size (actual size in Ohio and district enrollment in the grade under analysis in Montana, which has various district configurations). In each state, school districts were divided into two groups at the median for size. Preliminary findings include descriptive statistics, district-level regression equations for the ninth grade in Ohio and the eighth grade in Montana, effect sizes as appropriate, and correlational analysis by district size halves. Ohio results indicate an overall interaction pattern in which lower poverty rates were associated with greater benefits from large district size. Smaller Ohio districts exhibited a weaker correlation between district-level SES and aggregate student achievement at the ninth-grade level. In Montana, the interaction effect was weak, but unexpectedly, district size had a direct negative effect on achievement. Despite being somewhat poorer, smaller Montana districts performed better than larger Montana districts. Implications and recommendations for state policy are discussed. Contains 33 references and 7 tables. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Montana; Ohio