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ERIC Number: ED428900
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Maternal Self-Efficacy.
Leerkes, Esther M.; Crockenberg, Susan
This study tested specific hypotheses about factors that influence the development of maternal self-efficacy, and the influence of maternal self-efficacy and infant temperament on maternal behavior. Ninety-two primiparous mothers and their 6-month-olds participated in the study. Mothers completed questionnaires about developmental history and self-esteem prenatally and social support, infant temperament, and maternal self-efficacy postnatally; mothers also participated in a laboratory observation with their infants. Findings were as follows: Maternal self-efficacy was influenced by early developmental history as mediated by global self-esteem. Infant temperament, social support, and their interactions also predicted maternal self-efficacy. Infant soothability buffered the negative effect of high infant fear and frustration on maternal self-efficacy. Infant frustration and social support from partner and others had a cumulative effect, that is, mothers with less easily frustrated infants and good support from partners and others had significantly higher maternal self-efficacy than mothers with less easily frustrated infants and poor support. Maternal self-efficacy was not associated with maternal sensitivity. Although maternal self-efficacy interacted with infant temperament to predict maternal sensitivity and responsiveness, the effect was not as predicted. Mothers who perceived their infants as easily frustrated were less likely to behave sensitively if they had extremely high versus moderately high maternal self-efficacy. There was no difference in maternal behavior based on maternal self-efficacy when mothers perceived their infants as less easily frustrated. (Contains 23 references.) (Author/KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A