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ERIC Number: ED428852
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Several Controversial Issues on Early Childhood Education and Care in Contemporary Japan.
Takeuchi, Michio
This paper provides an overview of current controversial issues in early childhood education in Japan. One controversy discussed is the increasing emphasis on cognitive development in early childhood programs since World War II, especially the focus on reading and writing; and presents the controversy surrounding the task of learning Japanese and Chinese characters. Data are presented on reading and writing skills of 4- and 5-year-olds, and various methods of teaching characters are described. A second major controversy involves the confusion about the use of the term "early education," which in Japan refers to education of gifted and talented children, and the term "early childhood education," which refers to the education of average preschool children. Problems in applying Bruner's principles are described as resulting from erroneous translations. Education of gifted and talented children in Japan is described, focusing on the Suzuki Violin Method. In addition, the paper outlines differences between certification of kindergarten teachers and day care center teachers. Yet another issue described is the role of extended day care in Japan, with information provided on the number of children of employed mothers, the percentage of children of different ages attending day care centers, and the number of facilities offering care for more than eight hours a day. The paper concludes with a discussion of the difficulties in integrating kindergarten and day care center systems and programs. (KB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan