ERIC Number: ED428738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Examining How Middle School Students Use Problem-Based Learning Software.
Williams, Douglas C.; Hemstreet, Susan; Liu, Min; Smith, Vickie Dunlevy
This study investigated the use of tools and design features as employed in a problem-based learning (PBL) environment and their effectiveness on seventh grade students' learning of science concepts. Specifically, the study examined: (1) the effect of the computer-supported PBL environment on the achievement of middle school students; (2) the effect of the computer-based PBL environment on middle school students' attitudes toward science; and (3) the relationship between students' math or reading ability and their achievement in the PBL environment. Dependent measures were achievement, degree and frequency of access to the tools/features, and attitude toward learning science. The treatment consisted of three groups: computer-supported PBL environment, paper-based PBL, and a control group. Results indicated that: both the groups that used the computer-supported and paper-based PBL significantly improved their achievement scores, while the increase for the control group was not significant; there was no significant difference between the computer-supported and paper groups; students' reading ability is a better predictor for students' achievement in a PBL environment than their math ability; and students' attitude toward learning science was not affected by the introduction of PBL. Two tables and a graph present data. Contains 14 references. (DLS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Courseware, Educational Environment, Educational Technology, Grade 7, Instructional Design, Instructional Effectiveness, Intermode Differences, Junior High Schools, Mathematical Aptitude, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Predictor Variables, Pretests Posttests, Problem Based Learning, Reading Ability, Science Instruction, Science Interests, Secondary School Science, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: ED-MEDIA/ED-TELECOM 98 World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia & World Conference on Educational Telecommunications. Proceedings (10th, Freiburg, Germany, June 20-25, 1998); see IR 019 307.