ERIC Number: ED428497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Disability and Technology: A Historical and Social Perspective.
This paper discusses the historical relationship between people with disabilities and the rest of society. It describes the period from World War I through World War II as one of humanitarianism during which the development of a limited number of adaptive devices helped people with disabilities adjust to their disabilities as much as possible. The time since World War II is described as a period in which a proliferation of organizations lobbied for a social transformation. Rather than merely training the disadvantaged to compete better, these organizations insisted that society itself had been structured in ways that caused the disadvantage. The solution was to modify society for equal opportunity, not only to better equip those who were struggling to get ahead. This paper describes the different adaptations and assistive devices that were developed, key individuals who, despite their disabilities, achieved international recognition, and changes in the social attitudes towards those with disabilities. (CR)
Descriptors: Advocacy, Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Attitude Change, Disabilities, Individual Power, Social Bias, Social History, Social Integration
Web site: http://www.rit.edu/~easi/pubs/ezsohist.html
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the Organization of American Historians (Washington, DC, March 1990).