ERIC Number: ED428474
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Using Test Results To Support Clinical Judgment.
Silverman, Linda Kreger
This paper recommends an evaluation procedure for gifted children which uses test results only to confirm the conclusions resulting from clinical evaluation that involves observation, discussion with the child, an interview with the parents, developmental milestones, and family history. It suggests that traditional test interpretation may lead to serious underestimates of the abilities of gifted children for the following reasons: (1) variations in scores from one instrument to another are much greater among the gifted; (2) discrepancies among subtest scores are much greater among gifted students; (3) discrepancies which are typical in the gifted population may be interpreted as signs of abnormal brain functioning; (4) compensation skills may mask the presence of hidden learning disabilities; (5) certain subtests and combinations of subtests should be given more weight than composite scores in the determination of giftedness; (6) environmental factors during assessment can have a stronger effect on the scores of gifted children; (7) some highly gifted children refuse to respond if a test question is too easy; and (8) how the examiner feels about the child can have a dramatic effect on test scores. The paper concludes that the highest indicator of a child's abilities should be seen as the best estimate of a child's giftedness. (Contains 16 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Academically Gifted, Clinical Diagnosis, Elementary Secondary Education, Eligibility, Evaluation Methods, Psychometrics, Student Characteristics, Student Evaluation, Test Interpretation
Gifted Development Center, 1452 Marion St., Denver, CO 80218; Tel: 303-837-8378; Fax: 303-831-7465; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.gifteddevelopment.com
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Gifted Development Center, Denver, CO.