ERIC Number: ED428318
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Learning and Cognition: The Cognitive Revolution in American Psychology.
Cognitive psychology has replaced behaviorism as the dominant school of thought in American psychology regarding learning and development. This paper investigates changes in the field that have led to this major shift. The different methods used by behaviorists and human information processing (HIP) psychology are described. The metaphor of the human mind as a computer coupled with the central role of the computer today favors the use of an information processing model. HIP brands of cognitive psychology are compared and contrasted with the Piagetians. The types of studies and evidence that suggests that development is more domain specific than Piaget thought are discussed within the following points: (1) cognitive revolution in American psychology; (2) the HIP approach; (3) methods by behaviorists and HIP theorists; (4) Piagetians versus the HIP approach, (5) knowledge versus mind; (6) the rejection of the stage theory; (7) domain general and domain specific development. (Author/EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A