ERIC Number: ED428315
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Mar-1
Runaways: A Review of the Literature.
Taylor, Jennifer; Mosteller, Frederick
More than half of runaway adolescents cite poor family communication and conflict as the primary reasons for running. Runaways (.5-1.5 million annually) generally arrive on the streets with few survival skills and little money. They are often subject to abuse of various sorts, and many eventually resort to criminal activity or use drugs in efforts to cope. This paper describes some problems that runaways face at home and on the streets, and the public and private sector responses to their needs. Sweeping changes in legislation have set the tone for changes in the juvenile court system and in programs and services for these youth. Innovative approaches to helping runaways, those at risk, and their families are in place at both the community and federal levels. The National Runaway Switchboard is a major point of contact for reuniting families and runaways. Partnerships of volunteers, nonprofit organizations, businesses, and state and federal agencies have created networks to help runaways and at-risk youths. This paper reviews the limited research on the effects of these changes in bringing runaways home, on educational and vocational outcomes, the incidence of drug and alcohol abuse, and the development of constructive relationships. A glossary of terms is provided. (Contains 56 references.) (EMK)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, MA.