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ERIC Number: ED428303
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
African American Identity Development: A Review of the Literature.
Burt, Janeula M.; Halpin, Glennelle
Beginning from general concepts of identity formation, this review of models of African American identity development proceeds to Marcia's expansion of Erikson's identity model and to Chickering's vector theory. DuBois's concept of "double identity" and Erikson's writings concerning "adaptive coping" in minorities are considered. Cross's "Nigrescence" model and related studies are reviewed. Recent models of acculturation, cross-cultural viewpoints, and culture-specific viewpoints are discussed. Models of Afrocentrism or "Africanity" are explored. Today's generation of adolescents and young adults are growing up in a more culturally diverse and integrated environment; their identity is linked to the experiences of the black community and affected by the dominant culture and other ethnic communities. Additional constructs are needed to assess healthy identity development in today's society; personal and environmental essentials are discussed. Themes that emerge from this review include the following: (1) Contemporary African American college students are strongly influenced by their families and community; (2) racial and ethnic relationships between other cultural and ethnic minorities as well as with white Americans are significant; and (3) an understanding of history is necessary to assess sufficiently African American identity development. African Americans have shared a challenging history; however, they have also demonstrated a remarkable collective resilience. A compilation of 13 identity, ethnic identity, racial identity, and student development theories is included. (EMK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A