ERIC Number: ED428174
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
How Students Invest Their Time Out of School: Effects on School Engagement, Perceptions of Life Chances, and Achievement. Report No. 29.
Jordan, Will J.; Nettles, Saundra Murray
The purpose of this study is to examine the degree to which various kinds of out-of-school activities in which adolescents are involved influence their school engagement, achievement, and perceptions of their life chances. It was assumed that, since students spend more time on average outside of school than in school, how they use this time is bound to have an impact on their school learning, school engagement, and whether their outlook toward the future is optimistic. Analysis of data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 for samples between 10,000 and 14,000 shows that student participation in structured activities and religious activities and time spent interacting with adults during 10th grade appear to have positive and significant effects on various educational outcomes by grade 12. Time spent "hanging out" with peers was consistently negatively associated with educational outcomes for the study sample, with few exceptions. The effects of time spent working for pay and time spent alone were somewhat inconsistent throughout the analysis. Analysis results have implications for after school and summer school policies and programs. An appendix describes the construction of study variables. (Contains 6 tables and 20 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.