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ERIC Number: ED428136
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Devastating Effect of Zeros on Grades: What Can Be Done?
McMillan, James H.
The effect of using zeros in grading students is reviewed, focusing on the inordinate weight given to zeros due to unequal intervals. Several approaches are suggested as practical solutions that balance the statistical properties inherent in averaging unequal grade intervals with the teacher's desire to use zeros for academic work. These include raising the floor for grades from 0 to 60 or 65, using zeros only for a small portion of the grade or for borderline situations, ignoring zeros that deviate from other work, using the median rather than the mean, and allowing extra credit. A modest goal may be to help teachers clearly understand the effect of zeros on the average and on student effort and motivation. (Contains 12 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A