ERIC Number: ED427936
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
White Exodus, Latino Repopulation, and Community Well-Being: Trends in California's Rural Communities. Research Report No. 13.
Allensworth, Elaine M.; Rochin, Refugio I.
This paper examines both the out-migration of non-Hispanic Whites and the in-migration of Latinos in rural California, to better understand the relationship between ethnicity and the well-being of California's rural communities. Theoretical explanations for ethnic transformation and community well-being focus on agricultural and industrial restructuring, producing increased immigration; social and human capital differences; and ethnic conflict, resulting from a lack of social integration and producing a White exodus. The first part of the paper uses a database of 126 rural California communities to compare and contrast demographic changes, 1980-90, in Latino and non-Latino population, and to examine the degree to which White out-migration and Latino in-migration correlate with community socioeconomic indicators (poverty, income, and educational attainment). Findings indicate that communities experiencing the most growth in both Latino and non-Latino population had the best economic health. Declining community well-being was linked to a combination of increasing Latino population and decreasing White population. The second part of the paper analyzes community social capital, intergroup conflict and cooperation, and local perceptions of economic opportunities in several communities in the San Joaquin valley. Discussion focuses on why non-Latino Whites leave and often settle nearby, why Latinos are not showing the same migration patterns as Whites, and implications for the future of California's rural Latino communities. (SV)
Descriptors: Community Change, Community Relations, Educational Attainment, Ethnic Relations, Hispanic Americans, Migration, Poverty, Rural Population, Socioeconomic Status, Whites
Web site: http://www.jsri.msu.edu/RandS/research/irr/
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Julian Samora Research Inst.
Identifiers - Location: California