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ERIC Number: ED427913
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Tribal Colleges: 1968-1998.
Stein, Wayne, J.
From 1968 to 1998, the number of tribally controlled colleges in the United States grew to 31. Based on the community college model, they are the only colleges in the world to support and teach curricula, cultures, and languages of their Indian nations. Tribal colleges must work more closely than other institutions with the federal government to secure base funding, and they have become experts at engaging the federal system to ensure their continued existence. The American Indian Higher Education Consortium, the national organization of tribal colleges, was formed to limit tribal rivalries and to pursue members' goals through a united front. Its advocacy resulted in passage of the Tribal College Act, which established the federal government's obligation to fund tribal colleges (although authorized funding levels have never been realized). Underfunding is a chronic problem, and tribal colleges vigorously pursue funding from philanthropic and corporate organizations. Tribal college boards of trustees are nearly 100 percent American Indian, most administrators are Indian, most faculty are non-Indian, but dedication to the students and missions is pervasive. Curricula address tribal needs, ranging from 1-year vocational programs to 2-year associate degrees. Twenty-seven tribal colleges have gained full accreditation, four colleges offer 4-year baccalaureate programs, and others plan to expand to 4-year programs also. Tribal colleges and non-Indian colleges have cooperated well over the years. Contains endnotes. (TD)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A