ERIC Number: ED427897
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 1999.
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, Washington, DC.
This report presents nationwide data on the well-being of America's children. The statistical report is based on indicators of child well-being such as family income and mortality rates. The first part of the report, "Population and Family Characteristics," presents data that illustrate the changes that have taken place during the past few decades in six key demographic measures, including children as a proportion of the U.S. population, family structure, and difficulty speaking English. The second part of the report, "Indicators of Children's Well-Being," presents data on 26 key indicators in the following areas: (1) Economic Security, including family income, secure parental employment, housing, and access to health care; (2) Health, including activity limitation, infant and child mortality rates, and immunization rates; (3) Behavior and Social Environment, including substance abuse, and youth victims and perpetrators of serious violent crimes; (4) Education, including family reading to young children, and youth neither enrolled in school nor working; and (5) Special Features, which covers children who have difficulty performing everyday activities. For each background measure in the report's first section and for each indicator in the second section, three types of information are presented: a short statement about why the measure or indicator is important to understanding the condition of children, figures showing important facts about trends or population groups for each indicator, and highlights with information on current status, recent trends, and important differences by population groups noted. Two appendices contain detailed tables of data and data source descriptions. Among the findings, the report notes that the percentage of children living with two parents has remained stable since 1996, but there are large differences across racial and ethnic groups. Although the poverty rate of children has remained about the same since 1980, shifts in the proportion of children living in families with high income and those living in extreme poverty reflect a growing income disparity among children. While the mortality rate for almost all groups of children continues to fall, it has fallen most dramatically among black children, ages 1 to 4; this rate, however, remains almost twice the rate for whites. The number of youth who were victims of violent crime has declined since 1993, as have the number of juveniles as perpetrators of violent crimes. Preschool enrollment has increased among black, non-Hispanic children, and among children living in poverty. (HTH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Births to Single Women, Child Abuse, Child Health, Child Neglect, Children, Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Literacy, Health Insurance, Housing Needs, Infant Mortality, Limited English Speaking, Mortality Rate, National Surveys, Out of School Youth, Poverty, Prenatal Care, Social Indicators, Socioeconomic Status, Substance Abuse, Victims of Crime, Violence, Well Being
National Maternal Child Health Clearinghouse, 2070 Chain Bridge Road, Suite 450, Vienna, VA 22182; Tel: 703-356-1964; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (single copies available while supplies last); U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328; Web site: http://childstats.gov
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States