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ERIC Number: ED427457
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Obtaining Efficacy and Aptitude Measures from the ACID Profiles of Post-Secondary Students with and without Severe Scholastic Disabilities.
Slemon, Jill C.; Shafrir, Uri
This study investigated how obtaining predicted and actual scores on aptitude tests can provide crucial information regarding personal beliefs about ability. The ACID profile of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Revised) (WAIS-R) was used to collect the subjective and objective scores of 92 college students with severe scholastic deficits (SSD) and 40 typical college students. The group with SSD reported past severe, continual failure in verbal tasks, but not in performance tasks, whereas the contrast group did not report experiencing severe academic problems. The study hypothesized that in verbal subtests (Arithmetic, Information, and Digit Span), students with SSD would tend to have either veridical estimates or underestimates of ability, whereas the contrast group would tend to overestimate. Second, it was predicted that in the performance subtests (Coding/Digit Symbol), both groups would overestimate. For Arithmetic and Digit Symbol, hypotheses were supported. In Digit Span, the group with SSD underestimated significantly, whereas the contrast group had accurate estimates; this result was in the expected direction. For Information, however, both groups overestimated significantly. Implications of these findings and further research are discussed including using the ACD rather than the ACID profile with adults. (Contains 24 references.) (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale