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ERIC Number: ED427384
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Students "Left Behind": School Choice and Social Stratification in Non-Urban Districts.
Jimerson, Lorna
Prior school-choice studies have focused on parents and students who opt to choose, neglecting nonchoosers, or those remaining behind. A study of 37 Minnesota school districts (20 gaining student population and 17 losing student population due to choice options in fiscal year 1995) explores the relationship between school-choice implementation and social stratification in high-impact nonurban/rural districts. Longitudinal data were gathered for 1982-87 (prechoice years), and a time-series analysis was conducted for free/reduced lunch, minorities, and special-education variables. Analysis of lunch programs showed no significant difference between high-loss and low-loss districts. Economic stratification does not necessarily increase due to school choice implementation. However, there is a significant stratification effect along the racial/ethnic dimension. One possible explanation for this is that minorities are not opting for alternative placements to the same degree as nonminority students. For disabilities, results are ambiguous. High-gain districts maintain an almost linear (upward) trend, while high-loss districts show severe, sudden changes. Meeting special-education students' needs within school choice parameters needs more careful scrutiny. The market model may not conform with the reality of school choice policy as implemented in Minnesota. Infusion of a competitive philosophy may be flawed by processes resulting in intended or unintended undesirable consequences. (Contains 23 references.) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota