ERIC Number: ED427379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Differentiating Comfortable from Uncomfortable Teacher-Student Touches II: Hugs, Hits, and Handshakes.
Frymier, Ann Bainbridge; Mongeau, Paul A.
Touch is an important and powerful form of communication that is often avoided for fear of negative interpretations. However touch has also been associated with positive relational and educational outcomes. In this study, descriptions of touch, elicited from students, that occurred between teachers and students were sorted using S.E. Jones' (1994) categories of touch. Additionally, accompanying nonverbal behaviors were examined, and the relational messages (J.K. Burgoon & J.L. Hale, 1987) and attitudes toward the teacher and course associated with the different types of touch were examined. Most touches were categorized as positive touches using Jones' typology, however not all of these touches were interpreted as positive by students. Control touches were found to have more negative relational messages. Contains 35 references and 4 tables of data; an appendix describes Jones' categories of touch. (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A