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ERIC Number: ED427297
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Content Area Reading: Summary of Reference Papers.
Moustafa, Brenda Martin
This paper examines the problem of content reading by elementary school age children and gives teachers advice to facilitate learning of expository text. Armbruster, Anderson, and Ostertag (1987) identified some of the difficulties students have with content reading to be lack of interest, lack of motivation, and insufficient prior knowledge. These same researchers concluded that students often struggle with content material because they are not familiar with the structure of expository text; hence students need guidance in understanding expository text. Some effective strategies to teach content area reading are: use of prior knowledge and background knowledge; instruction about text structure; and comprehension monitoring, student-generated questions, summarizing, and reciprocal teaching. To help students become more ready to "read to learn," teachers in primary grades should begin to expose students to expository text. Upper grade teachers need to facilitate students in the transition from "learning to read" to "reading to learn" by helping them become familiar with the different purposes and structures of expository texts. Not only will teaching strategies to read content material help improve test scores and grades, but it will also help students learn the skills needed to participate fully in society. (NKA)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A