ERIC Number: ED427293
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Jun
Why Children Succeed or Fail at Reading. Research from NICHD's Program in Learning Disabilities.
Noting that 80% of children will learn to read no matter what method is used to teach them, this information sheet offers a brief overview of research on reading impairments undertaken at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). The information sheet first describes the casualties of mild and severe reading difficulties, notes common misconceptions about reading disabilities, and states that in many cases, reading impairment is related to deficiencies in the way the brain processes letter sounds. The next section discusses overcoming reading disability, noting that 20% of children must be taught the letter-sound system directly in order to learn to read successfully. The information sheet then briefly discusses identifying a reading disability. It continues by discussing treatment methods. NICHD research has shown that children taught with a combination of whole language and phonics make the greatest gains in reading, and fare better than children taught exclusively with one method, and concludes that reading impaired students should be taught in a manner integrating the three methods. The information sheet concludes by discussing some research in progress at the NICHD on the nature of reading disability. (SR)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Diagnosis, Reading Difficulties, Reading Improvement, Reading Research, Remedial Reading
NICHD Clearinghouse, PO Box 3006, Rockville, MD 20847
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Note: "Prepared for the NICHD Extramural Program in Learning Disabilities."