ERIC Number: ED427122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
A Profile of Hispanic Americans. Executive Summary.
Hispanic Americans are one of the fastest growing demographic groups of the U.S. population. The Hispanic American population increased 53% from 1980 to 1990, and 27% from 1990 to 1996. By the year 2005, Hispanic Americans will surpass Blacks as the largest "minority group," and by 2010, Hispanics will outnumber the nation's Blacks, Asian Americans, and American Indians combined. In 1997, the median age of the Hispanic population was 27 years old compared to 36 for the nonHispanic white population. Nearly 9 of 10 Hispanic Americans live in just 10 states. They have immigrated from many countries, but the largest Hispanic group in 1990 was from Mexico. Puerto Ricans were the second largest group, and people of Cuban origin ranked third. Hispanic Americans have the lowest rates of high school and college graduation of any major population group, and the continued influx of Hispanic immigrants with low education suppresses statistics of overall Hispanic educational levels. Mexicans had the lowest education attainment, with only 47% having received a high school diploma or higher. However, about 70% of Hispanics born in the United States had completed high school in 1996. U.S. born Hispanics are also more likely to have completed at least 4 years of college, at 12%, compared to the 8% of foreign-born Hispanics who completed college. The median income of Hispanic males was 78% that of non-Hispanic White males, while the median earnings of Hispanic females was 62% of the income of non-Hispanic White females. Just over one-fourth of Hispanic American families lived below the poverty level in 1996, and in 1992, 26.9% of Hispanics received some type of major means-tested assistance. Hispanic unemployment rates have also been consistently higher than non-Hispanic unemployment rates. (Contains two tables and two graphs.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Immigration, Minority Groups, Puerto Ricans, Spanish Speaking, Urban Problems, Urban Youth
Population Resource Center, 15 Roszel Road, Princeton, NJ 08540; Tel: 609-452-2822; Population Resource Center, 1725 K Street, N.W., Suite 1725, Washington, DC 20006; Tel: 202-467-5030.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Resource Center, Princeton, NJ.