ERIC Number: ED427112
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to What: Early Findings on Family Hardship and Well-Being.
Sherman, Arloc; Amey, Cheryl; Duffield, Barbara; Ebb, Nancy; Weinstein, Deborah
This report takes an in-depth look at the evidence of family well-being since the 1996 federal welfare legislation drawing on new national survey data, a review of studies by states and research institutions, and a compilation of findings from informal community-based monitoring projects. Disturbing findings include: Only a small fraction of welfare recipients' new jobs pay above-poverty wages; most of the new jobs pay far below the poverty line. Many families who leave welfare are losing income or not finding steady jobs at all. Many families are not getting basic help (such as child care, medical coverage, food, or transportation) that might enable them to sustain work and care for their children on very low wages. Many families are denied cash assistance through little or no fault of their own; states often penalize families without assessing their ability to complete required activities. Extreme poverty is growing more common for children, especially those in female-headed and working families. Many families leaving welfare report struggling to get food, shelter, or needed medical care; many are suffering even more hardships than before. Some states and communities have created innovative and supportive programs for helping families find stable above-poverty employment. An agenda is presented for committing resources to help these families and providing necessary work and work supports. Of particular interest to education are the sections on "Providing on the Job Training" and "Using State Dollars for Creative Education Programming" (p. 33-34). (Contains 6 tables, 3 graphs, and 128 endnotes.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Patterns, Federal Legislation, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Program Effectiveness, State Programs, Urban Problems, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
National Coalition for the Homeless, 1012 14th Street NW, Suite 600, Washington, DC 20005-3406 (free, plus $2.50 shipping and handling).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.; National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.