ERIC Number: ED427030
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Differential Prediction of College Performance between Gender.
Patton, Timothy K.
Researchers in the past have found discrepancies in the prediction of college grade point average (GPA) between genders with the use of standardized tests such as the Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT) and the American College Test (ACT). These differences were studied to determine if the potential differences could be attributed to differential course selection across gender. Subjects were selected from 1995 and 1996 graduating seniors at two large Tennessee universities. Johnson-Neyman (P. Johnson and J. Neyman, 1936) analyses and classical hypothesis testing procedures with the dummy-coding General Linear Model were performed for the total sample of 3,428 females and 3,068 males and for each of the five selected majors. Differences in the prediction of college GPA using ACT-Composite scores (ACT-C) across gender were found for the total group. However, these differences were essentially eliminated when course selection was controlled by analyzing data within majors. Findings support the position that differential prediction of college GPA across gender using ACT-C scores is an artifact of differential course selection. (Contains 5 tables and 29 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment