ERIC Number: ED427016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Age, Gender, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Differences in Students' Academic Motivation, Cognition, and Achievement.
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M.
Age, gender, cultural, and socioeconomic differences in relations between middle school students' motivational goal orientations, their cognitive and metacognitive strategies, and their academic achievement in a variety of curriculum domains were studied. Studies to date typically have used either cognitive or motivational variables to account for variations in students' academic achievement. This study combines cognitive and motivational variables to gain a more complete understanding of the processes underlying student academic achievement. Participants were 602 middle school students in Sydney (Australia). Results suggest that differences in each of the variables of age, gender, cultural background, and socioeconomic status are strongly related to differences in relations between students' academic motivation, cognition, and achievement. This finding suggests that studies of motivational and cognitive differences should take these variables into account. (Contains 6 tables, 8 figures, and 50 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia