ERIC Number: ED426940
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Ethnicity, Education, and Fertility Transition in Kinshasa, Congo. Working Paper 2-97-1. Revised.
Shapiro, David; Tambashe, B. Oleko
Substantial ethnic differences in fertility were documented in the Congo in the mid-1950s. These differences, apparent as well among women residing in Kinshasa, the capital, were linked to variations across ethnic groups in the incidence of venereal diseases and sterility. By the mid-1970s ethnic differences in fertility had diminished but were still present. Using a 1990 survey of more than 2,400 reproductive-age women, a study revisited fertility differentials among 6 broad ethnic groups that are well represented in the city. Significant differences by ethnic group remain, but these differences appear to be small compared to those that prevailed in the 1950s. At the same time, substantial fertility differentials by educational attainment have emerged, particularly at the middle and higher secondary and university levels. While ethnicity remains as a significant influence on fertility behavior, educational attainment has become a key factor associated with larger fertility differences in Kinshasa. During the past 40 years, increased access of women to schooling especially secondary education has been associated with a decline in fertility in Kinshasa. Distinctly lower fertility of relatively well-educated women is a phenomenon increasingly evident in a number of African countries. Appended is information on ethnic groups in Kinshasa, accompanied by a map of cultural regions of the Congo and 2 tables of data. Contains 5 tables of data, 15 notes, and 22 references. (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Hewlett Foundation, Inc., Garden City, NY.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Dept. of Economics.
Identifiers - Location: Congo