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ERIC Number: ED426936
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Pages: 78
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Using Critical Thinking in the Arts To Improve Decision Making and Problem Solving.
Woodman, Gail
This report describes a plan for utilizing critical thinking in the art education setting to improve students' decision-making and problem-solving abilities. The targeted population consists of sixth-grade students in a growing middle class, rural based community located in northern Illinois. The problem of weak critical thinking skills was documented through data revealing low student pretest results and teacher opinion surveys. Analysis of probable cause data revealed that students displayed a lack of decision-making, problem-solving, and metacognitive skills. Faculty surveys reported that students have difficulty with solving problems and making decisions. A review of solution strategies suggested by knowledgeable others, combined with an analysis of the problem setting, resulted in the selection of a 5-step intervention that puts an art criticism emphasis on the art education curriculum. The five components involve: the review and refinement of art vocabulary; the teaching and application of open-ended questioning; the modeling and utilization of constructive criticism; the establishment of critique sessions measured by checklists; and the keeping of student journals. Post-intervention data indicated an increase in students' decision-making, problem-solving, and metacognitive abilities. Students displayed the ability to synthesize the components of the intervention, and transfer them to successfully critique artwork. Appendixes contain various pre- and post-tests, teacher survey, and various sheets concerning art critiques and information. (Contains 8 figures, 2 tables of data, and 25 references.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois