ERIC Number: ED426930
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Goals, Motivation, and Performance.
Mallonee, Richard L.
Recent psychological research in motivation has resulted in several goal orientation theories that have important implications for improving learning and instruction, especially for musical performance groups. Goal theory proposes that there are two general goal orientations students can adopt: a task-focused orientation with an intrinsic focus on learning and improving; and an ability-focused orientation with an extrinsic focus on getting good grades or rewards, doing better than others, or receiving public recognition. By their very nature, musical performing groups invite the development of ability-focused goals. Students are encouraged to strive for the "best" performance, which is often publicly recognized. Many of the competitive aspects of performing groups, however, cannot be eliminated. The aim then becomes how to balance the ability-focused orientation inherent in performance groups with a task-focused orientation that seems to produce stronger motivational and cognitive outcomes. To create a task-focused environment that will promote students' musical growth and maintain quality performance levels, the director should focus on meaningful tasks that emphasize musical literacy, recognize effort and developing skills rather than aptitude or prior musical accomplishments, make evaluations private rather than public, encourage self evaluation, provide opportunities for improvement, and create environments that allow for developing student autonomy and responsibility. (Contains 13 endnotes.) (BT)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A