ERIC Number: ED426838
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Young People in Rural Scotland: Getting Out and Staying On. CES Briefing No. 13.
Jones, Gill; Jamieson, Lynn
A study of youth out-migration from the Scottish Borders region was based on the 1989 Scottish Young People's Survey--a survey of students during their final compulsory school year (age 16-17)--plus followup interviews in 1995 with 23-year-olds from the rural Borders region. Among those in school in the Borders at age 16, only around one-third still lived there at age 19. By age 23, few migrants had returned. Structural reasons for migration included limited higher education facilities and few good-paying jobs in the region; migrants left mainly to continue their education or to get better jobs. Stayers tended to be from local families and to feel strong attachments to community. By age 23, migrants had more education than stayers and were better off economically, while stayers were more likely to have experienced unemployment or other job setbacks, to have married and started families, and to live with their parents. Some stayers felt trapped in the local labor market, while some migrants longed to return but were put off by the lack of job prospects. All returnees were from local families. Youth need support and information. The formal school guidance system fails to recognize the dilemmas and tension involved in the migration decision and does not provide the information needed by someone newly independent and in a strange environment. This brief suggests that public policy designed for young people should increase their scope for choice, allowing decisions based on viable alternatives. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Edinburgh Univ. (Scotland). Centre for Educational Sociology.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Scotland)