ERIC Number: ED426823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Education Indigenous to Place: Western Science Meets Native Reality.
Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar; Barnhardt, Ray
Indigenous peoples throughout the world have sustained their unique world views and associated knowledge systems for millennia. Many core values, beliefs, and practices associated with those world views have an adaptive integrity that is as valid today as in the past. However, traditional educational processes to transmit indigenous beliefs and practices have frequently conflicted with Western formal schooling and its world view. This paper examines the relationship between Native ways of knowing and those associated with Western science and formalized schooling in order to provide a basis for an education system that respects the philosophical and pedagogical foundations of both cultural traditions. Although examples are drawn from the Alaska Native context, they illustrate issues that emerge anywhere that efforts are underway to reconnect education to a sense of place. Elements of indigenous and Western world views are contrasted. Vignettes and examples depict the obstacles to communication between state agency personnel and local elders discussing wildlife and ecology issues; a cross-cultural immersion program for non-Native educators, held at a remote camp with Native elders as instructors; areas of common ground across world views; and indigenous implications for a pedagogy of place. Educational applications of four indigenous views are discussed: long-term perspective, interconnectedness of all things, adaptation to change, and commitment to the commons. (SV)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, Cultural Differences, Culturally Relevant Education, Ecology, Educational Philosophy, Experiential Learning, Holistic Approach, Indigenous Knowledge, Interdisciplinary Approach, Outdoor Education, Tribally Controlled Education, World Views
Web site: http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/EIP.html
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Fairbanks. Alaska Native Knowledge Network.