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ERIC Number: ED426630
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Pauses and Communication Strategies in Second Language Speech.
Cenoz, Jasone
A study of silent and filled pauses in second language speech analyzes (1) which types of pause are produced, (2) which are the functions of non-juncture pauses, (3) whether pauses co-occur with other hesitation phenomena, and (4) whether the occurrence of pauses is associated with second language proficiency. Subjects were 15 intermediate and advanced learners of English as a second language, all native Spanish-speaking university students. Each completed a background questionnaire and told a single story in English, which was recorded and transcribed for analysis. Silent and filled pauses that were determined to be hesitation pauses, and not occurring at grammatical junctures, were identified. About two-thirds of those pauses were silent; the remainder were filled. Wide variation was found in the individuals' use of filled pauses, and less in the use of silent pauses. Lexical, morphological, and planning pauses were found, with each distributed very differently between silent and filled pauses. The most common hesitation phenomena were repetition, self-correction, and reformulation, and more of these strategies were used with silent pauses than with filled pauses. More pauses and more filled pauses were used by more advanced learners. Implications for second language learning and teaching are discussed briefly. (Contains 13 references.) (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A