ERIC Number: ED426234
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov-21
United States Armed Forces' Voluntary Education Program: The Effect on Enlisted Servicemember Retention.
Brauchle, Kenneth C.
The relationship between servicemembers' participation in the U.S. Armed Forces' off-duty voluntary higher education programs and retention of enlisted personnel in military service was examined through a review of existing and new data. The primary data source was a 1992 Department of Defense-sponsored survey of a stratified sample of approximately 32,000 active duty servicemembers and 8,000 military spouses. The survey data were subjected to univariate and multivariate analyses. Additional data were collected through semistructured interviews with a sample of 31 men and women from the Army and Air Force who were participants in the voluntary education program. The quantitative data analysis supported the hypothesis that long-term participation in off-duty education is significantly related to intention to reenlist. When several other variables were considered, however, the overall effect of participation in off-duty education proved to be very small. A fundamental change in the relationship between off-duty education and retention during the past 10-15 years was discovered. It was concluded that the value placed on servicemembers' educational participation has become so embedded within the military environment that the effect of educational participation may be masked by other variables, such as satisfaction with the military way of life. (Contains 24 references) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A