ERIC Number: ED426186
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Graduates: College and Financial Independence. Policy Notes 1998/1.
A study evaluated the performance of 253 welfare recipients who listed Aid to Families with Dependent Children as an income source and graduated from Eastern Washington University (EWU) between September 1994 and August 1996. Graduates' wages were obtained from the state Employment Securities Division; current welfare status was established through the Spokane office of the Department of Social and Health Services. Findings indicated the following: the attrition rate from welfare was 88 percent; approximately one-third of the graduates were employed, usually part time; the average welfare graduate earned a fairly high hourly wage; and wages increased significantly the longer the graduates were out of school. The new direction of welfare reform at both state and federal levels had generally reduced options available to welfare recipients who wished to complete a college degree. The work requirement, states' discouraging of postsecondary degree programs and advocation of short-term training, and the time limit on support services were significant obstacles. The following measures were recommended to federal and state governments to ensure that welfare recipients were not discouraged from pursuing postsecondary education: child care support; inclusion of college degree programs as part of welfare recipients' personal plan to achieve financial independence; adjustment of work requirement in proportion to level of college enrollment; and extension of support throughout the duration of a college degree program. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bard Coll., Annandale-on-Hudson, NY. Jerome Levy Economics Inst.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children