ERIC Number: ED426173
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Socio-Cultural and Within-School Factors That Affect the Quality of Implementation of School-Wide Programs. Report No. 28.
The Success for All school restructuring program is currently being implemented in more than 1,100 elementary schools throughout the United States, primarily in urban locations. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the quality of implementation were conducted in a sample of more than 350 of these schools to examine how the Success for All program and other school-wide restructuring programs can best maintain their integrity and quality as they simultaneously adapt to local school and community contexts. The data collection strategies included surveys, one-on-one interviews, group interviews, focus groups, and school site observations. The analyses examined factors related to quality of implementation in schools where the implementation was identified as high quality, medium quality, and low quality. The within-school factors identified by the quantitative analyses as contributing to high quality implementation were: (1) creation of a supportive culture for institutional changes; (2) overcoming program resistance on the part of a minority of teachers; (3) commitment to implementing the structures of the program; (4) a strong school-site facilitator; (5) less concern among teachers for handling an increased workload; and (6) availability of program materials. The three sociocultural factors that contributed to high quality implementation were lower student mobility, higher school attendance rate, and a greater percentage of the student body being white. Qualitative analyses based on case studies of 25 program schools provide further elaboration on the influence of racial composition of the student body, the factors involved in program resistance, and the importance of each school having a full-time school-site facilitator. Appendixes contain the school facilitator's questionnaire and a list of scale items. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables, and 32 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on the Education of At-Risk Students (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed At Risk, Baltimore, MD.