ERIC Number: ED426146
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform and Children: Potential Implications. New Federalism: Issues and Options for States. Series A, No. A-23.
Zaslow, Martha; Tout, Kathryn; Botsko, Christopher; Moore, Kristin
Findings from recent evaluations of welfare-to-work programs and child development research suggest that welfare reform can affect children in multiple ways. These studies focused on three welfare-to-work programs that differ from those that will be implemented under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). The earlier programs have emphasized providing recipients with education and job skills to enhance employability, while the new programs will require recipients to make the transition to employment. For this reason, interest in the evaluations centers on broad implications that are applicable in the new policy context. The report concludes that welfare-to-work programs can change multiple aspects of life that are important to children, and that these program impacts can have positive and negative effects. Findings further indicate that program impacts on children vary by family characteristics. It is also important to note that the findings of relevance to children from evaluations of current programs differ across the set of available evaluations. The evidence suggests that children in families whose mothers are less likely to find stable employment, more likely to be sanctioned or encounter time limits for this failure, or who will be ineligible to receive benefits under the new legislation, could face negative outcomes due to decreased economic resources and higher maternal stress. (Contains 26 notes.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Family Characteristics, Federal Legislation, Job Training, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Program Evaluation, Social Change, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037; Tel: 202-857-8687; Web site: http://www.urban.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act