ERIC Number: ED426071
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Instructional Validity, Opportunity To Learn and Equity: New Standards Examinations for the California Mathematics Renaissance.
Yoon, Bokhee; Resnick, Lauren B.
Data from the Spring 1996 administration of the New Standards Mathematics Reference Examination for Middle Grades were used to examine the instructional validity of the Reference Examination, opportunity to learn, and equity in the context of the California Mathematics Renaissance program. Student (n=1,936) and teacher (n=105) responses to the opportunity to learn questionnaires and student performance were compared between the Renaissance (classes of 43 teachers) and nonRenaissance groups (called the multi-state group). Results show that Renaissance teachers had more opportunities to participate in reform-oriented professional development activities than teachers in a multi-state comparison group and that Renaissance classroom practice reflected these teacher learning opportunities. Renaissance students also showed significantly higher levels of performance on Skills and Problem Solving clusters of the New Standards examination compared to students in the multi-state group, after adjusting for student background characteristics. Furthermore, the achievement results on Skills show a smaller performance gap between white and minority students in the Renaissance group than the multi-state group regardless of levels of socioeconomic status (i.e., parent education). The results also show a positive effect of reform-oriented instructional strategies on the outcomes in all three clusters. These results suggest the instructional validity of the New Standards Reference Examinations and a generally positive effect on equity of educational opportunity in the Renaissance program. (Contains 12 tables and 33 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.; Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.