ERIC Number: ED425972
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
NAEP 1996 Mathematics State Report for Pennsylvania. Findings from the National Assessment of Educational Progress.
Reese, Clyde M.; Jerry, Laura; Ballator, Nada
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the only nationally representative and continuing assessment of what students in the United States know and can do in various academic subjects. The 1996 NAEP in mathematics assessed the current level of mathematical achievement as a mechanism for informing education reform. In 1996, 44 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Department of Defense schools took part in the NAEP state mathematics assessment program. The NAEP 1996 state mathematics assessment was at grade 4 and grade 8, although grades 4, 8, and 12 were assessed at the national level. The 1996 state mathematics assessment covered the five content strands: (1) Number Sense, Properties, and Operations; (2) Measurement; (3) Geometry and Spatial Sense; (4) Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability; and (5) Algebra and Functions. In Pennsylvania, 2,347 students in 90 public schools were assessed at fourth grade. This report describes the mathematics proficiency of Pennsylvania fourth-grade students, compares their overall performance to students in the Northeast region of the United States and the entire United States (using data from the NAEP national assessment), presents the average proficiency for the five content strands, and summarizes the performance of subpopulations (gender, race/ethnicity, parents' educational level, Title I participation, and free/reduced lunch program eligibility). To provide a context for the assessment data, participating students, their mathematics teachers, and principals completed questionnaires which focused on: school characteristics (attendance); instructional content (curriculum coverage, standards; amount of homework); delivery of mathematics instruction and its characteristics; use of technology in mathematics instruction; students' own views about mathematics; and conditions facilitating mathematics learning (hours of television watched, parental support, home influences). On the NAEP fields of mathematics scales that range from 0 to 500, the average mathematics scale score for fourth grade students in Pennsylvania was 226 compared to 222 throughout the United States. The average mathematics scale score of fourth grade males did not differ significantly from that of females in either Pennsylvania or the nation. At the fourth grade, White students in Pennsylvania had an average mathematics scale score that was higher than that of Black and Hispanic students. (ASK)
Descriptors: Algebra, Elementary Education, Functions (Mathematics), Geometry, Grade 4, Grade 8, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Education, Measurement, National Competency Tests, Number Concepts, Probability, Problem Solving, Spatial Ability, Standardized Tests, Standards, Statistics, Student Evaluation, Tables (Data), Test Results
National Library of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education, 555 New Jersey Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20208-5641; Tel: 800-424-1616 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.ed.gov/NCES/naep
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.; National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress