ERIC Number: ED425895
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Schools, Principals, and Teachers Serving American Indian and Alaska Native Students. ERIC Digest.
Pavel, D. Michael
This digest summarizes selected data from the American Indian supplement to the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). Three Indian school types are compared: schools controlled or funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA/tribal schools), public schools with 25 percent or more Indian enrollment (high Indian enrollment (HIE) public schools), and public schools with less than 25 percent Indian enrollment (low Indian enrollment (LIE) public schools). In 1993-94, nearly half of all American Indian and Alaska Native students were enrolled in approximately 170 BIA/tribal schools and 1,244 HIE public schools. These schools frequently incorporate Native culture and values in their educational programs. BIA/tribal and HIE public schools made important strides during the early 1990s to raise standards for high school graduation while improving graduation and college application rates. However, there was and remains a shortage of Native people serving as role models in administrative and teaching positions. About 47 percent of principals and 38 percent of teachers in BIA/tribal schools identified themselves as American Indian or Alaska Native; these figures were 13 and 15 percent, respectively, in HIE public schools. (Contains 17 references and a table of high school graduation requirements in the three types of schools.) (SV)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indians, College Applicants, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Graduation Requirements, Institutional Characteristics, Minority Group Teachers, Principals, Public Schools
ERIC/CRESS, Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348; Web site: http://www.ael.org/eric/ (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES)