ERIC Number: ED425890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
School Drop-outs in Mongolia. Mid-Decade Review of Progress towards Education for All.
Khishigbuyan, D.; Bandii, R.
In 1995, the International Consultative Forum on Education for All commissioned case studies in developing countries as part of a mid-decade review of progress in expanding access to basic education. This paper examines the situation in Mongolia and reports on two surveys about dropouts. In the early 1990s, Mongolia shifted from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. Liberalizing the Mongolian economy created economic instability reflected in lower living standards, unemployment, and higher prices. Educational costs rose, resulting in reduced teacher salaries and school closings. With half of its population under age 19, Mongolia's future is linked to the success of its schools. Although education is compulsory through grade 8 and secondary education is free, dropout rates rose drastically in the early 1990s. Overwhelmingly, dropouts were rural males; an estimated 44 percent left school to help their parents raise cattle. Allowing private ownership of cattle herds has been a key element of economic liberalization but apparently has increased the need for child labor at home. Surveys were conducted with 220 teachers and 250 dropouts. Teachers cited cattle breeding as the top reason for dropout. On the other hand, although 93 children had fathers who were herdsmen, cattle breeding and "need to help parents" were not among the children's top five reasons. Lack of interest in studying was the most highly rated mutual choice. Most children desired further schooling, and teachers and children favored alternative programming, but lack of funding is a major obstacle. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Education for All Forum Secretariat.
Identifiers - Location: Mongolia