ERIC Number: ED425803
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-May
Hur arbetar forskollarare med bild? En studie av fem forskollarare som leder barn i bildaktiviteter (How Do Preschool Teachers Work with Art Activities? A Study of Five Preschool Teachers Leading Children in Art Activities).
Art education has traditionally played an important role in the Swedish preschool. The subject includes a variety of activities, and different aims have been stressed from both aesthetic and pedagogical points of view. This study sought to describe and analyze how preschool teachers work with children in art activities. The investigation used a qualitative approach whereby five preschool teachers were observed by means of video recordings. Analysis revealed different categories that described the teachers' ways of leading the activities. The categories are related to: (1) teaching functions, such as instructing and stimulating; (2) actions that create order, such as directing and serving; and (3) actions that create relations, such as conversing and taking notice of children. All the teachers were very active creating relations and serving the children, but they also varied in their ways to lead the activities. Three patterns were discerned concerning ways of working with art activities: "the gardener," letting children use the material freely without much instruction; "the instructor," teaching the children how to handle the materials; and "the pedagogue," stimulating the children's cognitive development. The three patterns seemed to be connected to both the aims and the content of the activities. Findings were explored in light of theory from the aesthetic and art educational field as well as from the preschool pedagogical field. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Linkoping Univ. (Sweden). Pedagogiska Inst.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden