ERIC Number: ED425796
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Parent Involvement in Head Start on Parents and Children. Final Report [and] Executive Summary.
Parker, Faith Lamb; Piotrkowski, Chaya S.; Kessler-Sklar, Susan; Baker, Amy J. L.; Peay, Lenore; Clark, Beryl
From its inception, Head Start's legislative mandate called for "maximum feasible participation" of parents in all programmatic efforts and policy decisions. Nevertheless, there has been little research done on the benefits of Head Start to parents and on the role of parents as mediators of child and family outcomes. The Head Start Parent Involvement Project in 1990 explored this virtually untapped area. This five-year initiative consisted of three parts: (1) a parent survey exploring life events and experiences that might function as barriers to parents' participation in Head Start; (2) a longitudinal study of parent involvement in Head Start assessing its impact on parents, Head Start children, and their siblings; and (3) an intervention focused on staff development and training to enhance staff's work with Head Start parents. The executive summary and final report describe each part of the initiative and its results. Major findings on parental participation in Head Start include: (1) that it improves family life through improved parent-child relationships, enhanced home learning environments, children's greater social competence, greater parental involvement in elementary school, and increased parental self-sufficiency; and (2) that parents who get involved in Head Start reported needing education, job training, or paid employment at the beginning of the Head Start year; were not pregnant; were not engaged in self-sufficiency promoting activities; had greater expectations for their child's long-term school success; and had a younger child in Head Start. The summary includes policy and program recommendations. Eighteen tables and three figures are appended to the final report. The final report contains 78 references. (EV)
Descriptors: Child Development, Early Childhood Education, Individual Characteristics, Longitudinal Studies, Parent Influence, Parent Participation, Parents, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation
National Council of Jewish Women Center for the Child, 53 West 23rd Street, New York, NY 10010; Tel: 212-645-4048; Fax: 212-645-7466.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC. Project Head Start.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Council of Jewish Women, New York, NY. Center for the Child.; Yale Univ., New Haven, CT. Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy.